*What's in a Bushel??*
By Sitkastan
(10/15/2002)

Ever hear someone quoting you products in a bushel?  How many pounds is that?  

Recently I had the opportunity to buy some new wheat and corn from a granary.  The problem was the price was being quoted by the bushel and the salespeople were not interested in taking the time to teach a knuckle head like me.  I can't say I blame them as they were used to Mack Trucks with huge cargo trailers and here I was in line with my puny Dodge Ram pickup with a 3/4 bed.

Well I got tired of hearing "it depends on what your buying" so I searched the internet to find out a more definitive answer.

Then I decided that maybe everybody else would be interested in the neat tables I found that defines how many pounds of product are in a bushel.  That way next time you can convert the cost per bushel to cost per pound to see if you are getting a good deal or not.

U.S. Commercial Grain Bushel Sizes

 Commodity

Weight per bushel

 

 Commodity

Weight per bushel

Alfalfa

60 lb

Grass, Orchard

14 lb

Barley

48 lb

Grass, Redtop

14 lb

Clover, Alsike

60 lb

Grass, Timothy

45 lb

Clover, Crimson

60 lb

Lespedeza

40-50 lb

Clover, Ladino

60 lb

Millet

50 lb

Clover, White

60 lb

Oats

32 lb

Clover, Red

60 lb

Rape

60 lb

Clover Sweet

60 lb

Rye

56 lb

Corn, shelled

56 lb

Sorghum, forage

50 lb

Corn, ear

70 lb

Sorghum, grain

56 lb

Cotton

32 lb

Soybeans

60 lb

Cowpeas

60 lb

Sudan grass

28 lb

Flax

60 lb

 

Sunflower (oil type)

24-32 lb

Grass, Brome (smooth)

14 lb

 

Trefoil, Birdsfoot

60 lb

Grass, Blue

14 lb

 

Vetch

60 lb

Grass, Fescue (tall)

14 lb

 

Wheat

60 lb

Data from the University of Missouri's Agricultural Publication G4020, by William J. Murphy, Department of Agronomy.

 

U.S. Commercial Fruit & Vegetable Bushel Sizes

 Commodity

Weight per bushel

 

 Commodity

Weight per bushel

Apples

48 lbs.

Mustard Greens

18 lbs.

Lima Beans (unshelled)

30 lbs.

Onions

57 lbs.

Pole Beans

28 lbs.

Peaches

50 lbs.

Snap Beans

30 lbs.

Field Peas

25 lbs.

Shelled Corn

56 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (green)

55 lbs.

Corn (in ear)

70 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (dry)

50 lbs.

Cowpeas

60 lbs.

Spinach

20 lbs.

Cucumbers

48 lbs.

Tomatoes

53 lbs.

Eggplant

33 lbs.

Turnips (without tops)

54 lbs.

English Peas (in hull)

30 lbs.

Turnip Greens (dry)

16 lbs.

Muscadines

50 lbs.

Turnip Greens (wet)

18 lbs.

Okra

26 lbs.

 

 

 Data from the Georgia Farm Bureau, which states, "These weights are based on federal standards and can be used as general guidelines when purchasing these commodities in bushel quantities."

 Well there you have it, happy canning!!

Sitkastan


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